The esma of Mukit is the attribute of Allah giving nourishment to all that It has created, and sustaining it. It comes from the root ikata. Ikata means one who dispenses food. I will give an example from the world. There were the ashanes, soup kitchens, to help people, and from there, food and rizk, sustenance would be dispersed, and the person who was doing the dispersing would be called the mukit.
Allah, who is the Creator, sustains with nourishment all that
It has created. This comes from inside the attribute of
Rezzak, the Sustainer. They resemble each other, Rezzak and Mukit; it is a division that comes forth from Rezzak. Before we spoke of the esma of Rezzak. Rezzak has a very wide, encompassing meaning, whereas Mukit means the one that sustains through nourishment. And this has been determined according to the length of one's life.
The Creator Allah is nourishing everything that It has created, be it plants or animals. For example, the child that is in its mother's womb is being nourished through the umbilical cord that is connecting it to the nourishment that its mother is taking in. The seed that you plant in the earth is being nourished through the minerals and the vitamins that are in the earth. This nourishing is Mukit.
Because the evliyas, the Friends of Allah, know this attribute of Mukit very well, they look at the being of a person and then they give the spiritual nourishment, the spiritual rizk, accordingly. Some people, for example, have short lives, and they need to take nourishment quickly. Some have long lives, and they need to take their nourishment in time. With the attribute of Mukit, Allah sets this firmly, and It allows the servants, the evliyas, to know this.
I'll give you an example. One of the arifs, a gnostic individual, had a son. He would go to the bars all the time, to the taverns, and drink, secret from his father. His father found out about this, but didn't say anything to him. He went and found the tavern keeper and told him secretly, “However much my son is going to drink here, give him more. However much he wants, give him even more, and don't tell him that I came.” Time passed, and if the child asked for one, he got two, if he asked for two, he got four, and in this way, he completed the nourishment that he was going to get there. This is an appearance of the attribute of Mukit.
In other words, maybe he was going to go there for four years, and drink four thousand glasses, but because that arif knew of his Mukit esma, he had him given this nourishment in much more quantity so that four years became shortened. When his nourishment there was finished, the boy did not go back to the tavern, and did not fall back into those bad ways, and repenting, went and followed his father's path. I gave you this example so that the attribute of Mukit could be better understood.
All of our rizk, our nourishment and sustenance, is predetermined. No matter where we are, we will find it. We cannot chase it, it will chase us. No matter how much extra action you perform, no matter how much more you work, your nourishment is known. If it is two grams, it is two grams. With your working extra hard it won't become four. So what is the duty that befalls us here? To show acceptance and satisfaction for what is given by Allah, and to have tevekkül, trust, in Allah. And here we have to allow our surrender, our submission, to be known.
We know that these ninety-nine attributes are all working in us. Why? For our maturity. Allah created people with love. Then, in a mature way, with mature nourishment, It is sustaining us, and making us then in possession of kemalat, of maturity, of perfection, It is going to take us back. So we came to this world being loved, and we are going to leave again being loved. Allah Mukit, Allah Hu. Let us know the esma of Mukit in this way, learn it as so, and not confuse it with the esma of Rezzak.